How to install solar panels at home?

With the constant improvement of solar panels, they are becoming more and more efficient and economical, so interest in solar self-consumption is increasing every day. Therefore, the interest in solar self-consumption is increasing every day. How to put solar panels at home if you are also thinking about it?

We explain step by step everything you need to put those photovoltaic panels in your home.

Deciding on the type of solar installation

The first thing we have to decide is what type of photovoltaic installation we want. On the one hand, there are small self-consumption kits that do not require anything special, not even professional tools or installation knowledge.

Of course, these kits generate a small amount of energy that can be used to power an isolated household appliance, LED lighting in the garden or charge electronic devices. However, they do not have power for more.

In these cases, they are kits that require little space or rooftop installation. They are uncomplicated, and each comes with simple instructions that involve connecting the components and little else.

However, these types of micro-installations are not enough to power our home, but rather, concrete solutions to get started very gradually.

If you want to go deeper into self-consumption to reduce your bill and your carbon footprint, you will need to install larger panels, usually on the roof. In these cases, the self-consumption project and its installation will be done by a specialized company.

Apply for installation permits

To be able to install the solar panels, you will have to go with your project and ask for the corresponding permits in your town hall. This will involve the payment of the stipulated municipal fees.

Many municipalities also offer incentives for self-consumption, so you can take advantage of this step to get information and apply for them.

If you have opted for an installation connected to the grid, you will also have to talk to the distributor. It is one more step, but it pays off because you will receive a bonus on your bill for the surplus energy you produce and feed into the grid.

Placement of the solar panels by an authorized installer

With everything in order, the authorized installer will begin to place the solar panels on the site that has been arranged.

This is usually the roof of the house, so the following steps must be followed:

Placing the brackets

The panels do not go directly on the roof but need supports. These ensure that they will not be blown away by the wind and that the slope and placement are correct.

Our roof may not have the ideal slope to optimize the performance of the panels, so the supports can also compensate for that.

Similarly, the support system is critical if we install it on the ground or vertically on a wall or facade.

Laying of the roof and panels

On the supports, the roof is installed, and on it the solar panels that we have purchased. In this step, the installer will also connect the panels to each other so that all the energy they generate is diverted to the inverter.

Placing the inverter and the rest of the elements of the installation

Next, the inverter and the rest of the elements of our project will be installed.

For example, if we have opted for an isolated installation, the anti-spill system must be installed. Likewise, if we want batteries, they are also installed in this step.

Connecting and testing the equipment

The solar panels are finally connected to the inverter. In the same way, the other elements of the installation are also connected and tested, making sure that they operate safely and efficiently. From here, you can start generating and consuming your own clean photovoltaic energy. Solar panels have a very long service life and are easy to maintain. However, you will have to do it from time to time, cleaning the surface of the panels and checking that the connections are still tight. As you can see, unless we want to install a small kit that requires little space and generates little energy, we will have to consult with an authorized installer. However, the advantage is that our solar self-consumption will last for many years once these steps have been taken.
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